From DeskOver to UiPath: a look at UiPath’s history, key members, major achievements, and future of automation

In this series of, we feature the most promising AI companies in the world: where do they come from, what have they achieved and what are their plans for the future. In this episode, we are looking at UiPath, a software company developing robotic process automation and artificial intelligence software.

In November last year, Dutch AI startup Serket won UiPath’s Automation Awards 2021 for its use of AI and computer vision technologies to help farmers manage their pig herds more effectively. The award is essentially an effort by UiPath to not forget its own humble beginnings even though it has now grown to become a leader in robotic process automation.

Since being founded 17 years ago, UiPath has grown from a team of just 10 people to employing around 4,000 people now. It now operates in 25 countries and is headquartered in the iconic One Vanderbilt in New York. The story of UiPath is, however, one based entirely on the possibilities of automation.

How did DeskOver become UiPath?

UiPath’s story will resonate with a lot of startup founders for it was started by two Romanian entrepreneurs, Daniel Dines and Marius Tirca, in 2005. Based in Bucharest, Romania, the startup was initially called DeskOver and it built automation libraries and software development kits for companies such as IBM, Google, and Microsoft.

Until 2012, DeskOver counted only 10 people in its team and didn’t have a market fit product. But with automation gaining adoption, DeskOver realised its potential with robotic process automation and began pouring all of its resources into building a platform for training and orchestrating software robots.

For DeskOver, its venture into RPA was essentially a gamble that paid off remarkably well. So well that it became the first startup from Romania to be valued at $1B. The breakthrough for the company came in 2013 with the release of its Desktop Automation Product line and CEO Daniel Dines called it an “astral moment.”

For several years, DeskOver kept building the automation tools being used by companies and often folded into their products. However, the moment that DeskOver introduced its own automation product, the company had moved from building engines for carmakers to building its own car with its own engine. That metaphoric engine is the robotic process automation software sold by UiPath.

DeskOver rebranded itself to UiPath in 2015 and closed its first partnerships with a number of global BPO and consulting firms. It also expanded its team from just 10 to 100 and opened its US office. In August 2015, UiPath raised a $1.6M seed round led by Earlybird, with Credo Ventures and Seedcamp as backers.

This meteoric rise in profile of UiPath can be owed to its software capable of monitoring user activity to automate repetitive front and back office tasks. At, we have extensively discussed how automation is making customer service effective in the healthcare industry, production efficient in the manufacturing industry, and supply chain more resilient in the face of the pandemic.

The robotic process automation product from UiPath does the same but is also able to learn from other business software such as customer relationship management (CRM) or enterprise resource planning (ERP). Businesses want their employees to be efficient but doing repetitive or manual tasks could slow them down and RPA tools have become a great alternative to boost confidence and productivity of employees.

What automation products does UiPath offer?

“Bill Gates used to talk at Microsoft about a computer in every home. I want a robot for every person,” Daniel Dines, CEO of UiPath told Forbes in 2019.

At the core of its product is a software capable of automating repetitive digital tasks that are normally performed by people. This is possible by combining emulation of how humans read computer screens (AI computer vision) together with APIs. It gives customers pre-built automation components that can be used to automate routine processes. UiPath offers its products as native software or using the software as a service (SaaS) model.

The main product of this Romanian startup is the UiPath Automation Platform, which combines a family of low-code visual integrated development environment (IDE) products called Studio for process creation. The client-side agents that execute these processes are called robots. The processes are deployed, monitored, and managed remotely using a central management tool called Orchestrator.

A look at additional software offered by UiPath:

  • UIPath AI Centre (previously AI Fabric) – orchestrates and inserts AI into business processes
  • UiPath Action Centre – described by the company as “human in the loop”, this acts as a communication tool between robots and humans
  • UiPath Apps – a low-code application development platform
  • UiPath Assistant – an easy way to offer access to selected automations
  • UiPath Automation Hub (previously UiPath Connect Enterprise) – a tool for employees to find, suggest, and track new processes to automate
  • UiPath Document Understanding – an OCR tool capable of extracting, interpreting, and processing data from PDFs, images, handwriting, and other communication media.
  • UiPath Insights – analytics tool for UiPath’s automated processes
  • UiPath Process Mining (previously ProcessGold) – a tool that helps companies uncover new automation opportunities
  • UiPath StudioX – a simplified coding platform for employees to build their own robots
  • UiPath Test Suite – a platform for testing and ensuring the quality of every automation and application before they go live

UiPath: key members

  • Daniel Dines (Co-Founder & Co-Chief Executive Officer)
  • Rob Enslin (Co-Chief Executive Officer)
  • Marius Tirca (Co-Founder & Chief Technology Officer)
  • Andreea Baciu (Chief Culture Officer)
  • Ashim Gupta (Chief Financial Officer)
  • Bettina Koblick (Chief People Officer)
  • Bobby Patrick (Chief Marketing Officer)
  • Brad Brubaker (Chief Legal Officer)
  • Brandon Deer (Chief Strategy Officer)
  • Chris Weber (Chief Business Officer)
  • Koichi Hasegawa (Chief Executive Officer Japan)
  • Param Kahlon (Chief Product Officer)
  • Ted Kummert (EVP, Product & Engineering)
  • Vijay Khanna (Chief Corporate Development Officer)
  • Chris Klayko (SVP & Managing Director – Americas)
  • Renzo Taal (SVP & Managing Director, EMEA)
  • Rick Harshman (SVP and Managing Director of Asia Pacific and Japan)

UiPath: major milestones

  1. 2005: UiPath is founded in Bucharest, Romania as DeskOver in 2005
  2. 2012: It takes nearly seven years for UiPath to find its market fit with RPA
  3. 2013: UiPath releases UiPath Desktop Automation product line
  4. 2015: DeskOver formally becomes UiPath
  5. 2016: UiPath releases its Front Office and Back Office Server suites
  6. 2017: UiPath reports 590 employees and moves its HQ to New York
  7. 2019: Gartner recognises UiPath as leader in RPA market share
  8. 2019: UiPath acquires StepShot and ProcessGold
  9. 2021: UiPath raises $1.3B through its IPO on the NYSE

Will UiPath continue to shape the future of automation?

At FORWARD III in 2019, CEO Daniel Dines announced the biggest transformation of his company. He announced the transformation of UiPath from a single-purpose robotic process automation (RPA) platform to an end-to-end automation platform. In many ways, the success of automation in the software industry now correlates to the success of UiPath.

Back then, Dines announced to innovate by focusing on three areas: reducing friction in automation adoption, expanding use cases, and narrowing the gap between humans and robots. Fast forward to 2022 and it is evident that robots can do a lot more than it was previously possible.

Even home automation robots used to clean the floor have gotten much smarter than they first entered homes. Wherever there is a manual operation, there is a possibility for robotic process automation to not only become the future but the disruptor.

However, the challenge facing UiPath, like many other software companies, is the inability of robots to understand the way humans do. This problem is a classic artificial intelligence problem, wherein the process of making AI tools think and work like humans has proven more challenging than previously thought.

For UiPath, the problem is not just making its bots smarter, durable, and capable of handling complex work tasks. It is also facing threat from the likes of Microsoft, which is building its own RPA set in the form of Flow despite the fact that a large portion of UiPath’s tools are built on top of Microsoft’s software and cloud hosting tools.

UiPath’s history shows one thing that the startup is able to adapt to changes just like a book can adapt to new content as you flick the page. For its future, UiPath not only needs to fend off rivals like Microsoft, SAP, BluePrism, Automation Anywhere, but also expand its use case to a point where automation becomes as intrinsic as humans are for getting work done.

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